Download A Brief History of Brazil by Teresa A Meade PDF

By Teresa A Meade

Simply a little smaller in measurement than the U.S., Brazil is the 5th biggest kingdom on this planet. it truly is domestic to unique Rio de Janeiro, the amazing Amazon River, the world-renowned Carnival, and naturally, its shrinking rainforests. This identify bargains a complete account of the wealthy and sundry background of Brazil.

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Archaeologists and anthropologists have only been able to guess at some of the evolutionary changes in these people. They trace the various groups that have appeared in the historical record since the 18th century under the names Waika, Shamatari, Shirishana, and Guajaribo back to the larger Yanomami 10 Land and People Before and After Portuguese Exploration community. Living in semipermanent settlements throughout the Amazon region, the Yanomami and related tribes appear to have formed the largest and most stable civilizations at Santarém and on Marajó Island.

Along with Spain and Portugal, England, France, and the Netherlands all explored the region, established trading posts, and sought to exploit its riches. A Spaniard, Vicente Yañez Pinzón, was the first European to reach the Amazon region in 1500 and 1501, while another Spaniard, Francisco de Orellana, a member of Gonzalo Pizarro’s Peruvian expedition, named it. It was during Orellana’s ill-fated descent from the Andes into the river valley in 1541–42 in search of the mythical “El Dorado” (Spanish for “the land of gold”) that the region got its name.

The initial confrontation with the French was short-lived, and there were frequent border disputes with the Spanish. The Portuguese relied on a close alliance with England, forged in the first century of colonial expansion, for both military and financial protection. The most serious threat to Portuguese dominion came from Holland and centered on the prosperous sugar-producing zones in Bahia and Pernambuco. The Dutch invaded Brazilian territory and occupied parts of it on and off from 1625 to 1654 and intercepted the slave trade from Angola.

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