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By Simon Collier

Supplying an summary of Chilean background for the final reader in addition to the expert, this article employs basic and secondary fabrics to investigate the nation's political, fiscal, and social evolution from independence to 2002. not like different works, the amount examines intensive the newest occasions of Chile's heritage: the diversification of its economic climate, unfold of democratic associations, development of public future health, and emergence of a wealthy highbrow tradition. First variation Hb (1996): 0-521-56075-6 First variation Pb (1996): 0-521-56827-7

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Many leading families were linked; some had very extensive ramifications. The most celebrated case, no doubt, is that of the Larra´ın clan, whose Basque founder arrived in Chile in the 1680s. ” The Larra´ıns (with their connections to other notable families such as Err´azuriz and ˜ were to appear and reappear on the political stage when indeVicuna) pendence came. An understanding of these family networks is inseparable from any appreciation of the course of Chilean history. Economically and socially, this colonial elite held unchallenged sway in the colony.

376–77. Chapter01 CY399/Collier 0 521 82749 3 November 7, 2003 20:23 Colonial foundations, 1540–1810 Char Count= 0 9 nous influence survived in popular sports, superstitions, diet, and vocabulary – all of which played their part in the formation of the Chilean nationality. The decline in the number of natives available for encomiendas led in due course to a variety of alternative methods of mobilizing labor. One was the enslavement of Mapuches captured in the warfare along the Frontier – a practice well under way before King Philip III legalized it in 1608.

We need to ask to what extent Chile’s colonial isolation, combined with the ethnic mix resulting from the conquest, had meant the gradual formation of a distinctive nationality in Spanish America. ” We cannot argue that a developed, deep-rooted sense of Chilean nationhood (certainly not in a political sense) existed in the eighteenth century. It must be questioned how clearly any marked sense of “Chilean” identity was assimilated by the hacienda populations or by the poorer inhabitants of the colonial towns.

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