By Janet Burton, Karen Stöber
This quantity is a accomplished, richly illustrated advisor to the spiritual homes of Wales from the 12th during the 16th centuries. It bargains an intensive creation to the heritage of monastic orders in Wales, together with the Benedictines, Cluniacs, Cistercians, and so on furthermore, it presents unique money owed of just about sixty communes of non secular women and men. Descriptions of the extant continues to be of the structures, in addition to maps, floor plans, and traveller details make this not only a piece of scholarship, yet an fundamental advisor for pilgrims to boot.
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Extra resources for Abbeys and Priories of Medieval Wales
A monastery such as Margam would not only have been seen as a Cistercian monastery, a member of that renowned international order, but as a monastery in the patronage of the earls of Gloucester. This would have affected how it regarded itself and how it was viewed by others. Chronicle references to the destruction of monastic property during periods of conflict between the English and the Welsh show clearly how monasteries were closely identified with their patrons. There can be no clearer example of this than King John’s order in 1212 for the destruction of Strata Florida because it ‘harbours our enemies’.
To be the founder of a religious house carried a responsibility and a privilege generally known as patronage, and the role of patron usually passed down from the founder to future generations of his or her family. Sometimes, for all manner of reasons, it could change hands or even revert to the Crown. Although prayer was the most prized benefit that accrued from the possession of monastic patronage, there were other advantages to be enjoyed. Relations between monasteries and their patrons were not always harmonious.
Chronicle references to the destruction of monastic property during periods of conflict between the English and the Welsh show clearly how monasteries were closely identified with their patrons. There can be no clearer example of this than King John’s order in 1212 for the destruction of Strata Florida because it ‘harbours our enemies’. There can be no doubt, however, that such extremes were only reached in times of heightened tension. Research over recent years has demonstrated that to see a clear divide between those who endowed and indeed those who entered abbeys and priories that were primarily affiliated with either Welsh or Norman patrons can be misleading.