By Brian H. Bornstein, Monica K. Miller
As with its esteemed predecessor, this well timed quantity bargains methods of utilizing mental wisdom to deal with urgent matters in felony techniques and possibly to minimize felony offending. In such components as interrogations, specialist testimony, facts admissibility, and the “death qualification” procedure in capital trials, members provide clinical bases for developments in suspect, witness, and juror habit and establish these practices at risk of impinge on simply results. strategies span a variety of examine, perform, and coverage parts, from larger methods to overview to cutting edge options for lowering recidivism. The interdisciplinary views of those chapters shed salient gentle on either the succeed in of the problems and percentages for intervening to enhance the functioning of the justice system.
Among the subjects coated:
· The validity of pleading guilty.
· The effect of feelings on juror judgments and determination making.
· The content material, objective, and results of professional testimony on interrogation practices and suspect confessions.
· an artificial standpoint at the own-race bias in eyewitness identification.
· Risk-reducing interventions for justice-involved individuals.
· felony justice and mental views on deterring gangs.
As a method to spur examine and dialogue, and to encourage extra collaboration among the fields, quantity 2 of Advances in Psychology and Law will curiosity and intrigue researchers and practitioners in law-psychology in addition to training lawyers, trial specialists, and scientific psychologists.
Read Online or Download Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2 PDF
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Extra resources for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2
2014). Interrogations, confessions, and guilty pleas among serious adolescent offenders. Law and Human Behavior, 38, 181–193. Miller, H. , McDonald, W. , & Cramer, J. A. (1978). Plea bargaining in the United States. In Final report to the National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Washington, DC. Mossman, D. (2007). Predicting restorability of incompetent criminal defendants. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 35, 34–43. , Noffsinger, S. , Frierson, R.
Finally, they were more likely to perceive the defendant unfavorably, perceive the defendant as not able to be rehabilitated in prison, perceive the defendant as less likeable, and believe that information about the impact on family was relevant in the trial and should be used by the jury (Butler 2008). A. Yelderman et al. that death qualiﬁcation influences the way in which individuals perceive and evaluate various people during the trial process (see also Haney 2005). Because death qualiﬁcation both increases negative perceptions of the defendant and increases positive perceptions of the victim(s), it is relatively easy to conclude that death qualiﬁcation biases jurors’ attitudes against the defendant.
Chatman 2016) and use death qualiﬁcation criteria to remove jurors based on race or gender. Potential jurors in death penalty trials can be removed through death qualiﬁcation if the judge determines that they are unable to be impartial (Devine 2012). Typically, death qualiﬁcation excludes individuals who are either extremely opposed to or extremely in favor of the death penalty, particularly after Morgan v. Illinois (1992). For example, during death qualiﬁcation, attorneys and judges might ask potential jurors if they are able to give the death penalty at all.