By O. Hugo Benavides
In Ecuador, as in all international locations, archaeology and background play primary roles in defining nationwide id. Connecting with the prehistoric and historical pasts supplies the fashionable country legitimacy and tool. however the nation isn't the simply actor that lays declare to the country's archaeological patrimony, neither is its reliable heritage the one model of the tale. Indigenous peoples are more and more drawing at the earlier to say their rights and status within the smooth Ecuadorian kingdom, whereas the clicking attempts to offer a "neutral" model of heritage that might fulfill its a variety of publics.
This pathfinding e-book investigates how archaeological wisdom is used for either preserving and contesting nation-building and state-hegemony in Ecuador. in particular, Hugo Benavides analyzes how the pre-Hispanic web site of Cochasquí has turn into a resource of competing narratives of local American, Spanish, and Ecuadorian occupations, which serve the differing wishes of the countryside and assorted nationwide populations at huge. He additionally analyzes the Indian move itself and the hot controversy over the ultimate resting position for the normal monolith of San Biritute. providing a extra nuanced view of the creation of background than earlier reviews, Benavides demonstrates how either respectable and resistance narratives are continually reproduced and embodied in the nation-state's dominant discourses.
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Extra info for Making Ecuadorian Histories: Four Centuries of Defining Power
This “national history” is national above all in its objective of reaching the widest possible audience—the different national communities—and of attributing to itself a general representation of the social formation which is claimed to be the nation. But what is this national history, and how is it really formed? There is no doubt that this national history has changed over the centuries to adapt to changing conditions. That it has changed is not surprising; what is surprising is that its transformation has gone unnoticed.
The men are valiant, warlike, and proud; the women have similar proud characteristics, but are also docile and beautiful. In the state’s ofﬁcial account of the Kingdom of Quito, the central narrative is, in many ways, a simple war story, that is, a tale of a smaller polity resisting an invading imperial enemy. It is also a story of reconquest, love, and vengeance, as the defeated Kingdom of Quito eventually conquers the conquerors, the Incas. , Princess Pacha). The Incas are seduced, leading to the Inca heir, Atahualpa, born on Ecuadorian soil.
This concept implies that none of the groups involved, including the elite, could conceive of this discourse as a simple plan for domination. Both Foucault and Asad seem to question and complicate Anderson’s (1983) model of an elite that relies on a hegemonic information apparatus for inventing imaginary cohesion and sense of belonging. At the same time, the political reality of present-day national struggles, for example, in Chiapas, Mexico, and the difﬁculty isolated individuals or large-scale social movements like the CONAIE have in simply dismantling national discourses seems to further validate Foucault’s and Asad’s arguments.